On The Creation of Homoerotic Fantasy (updated with new insights)

Quoting from “Stranded Objects: Mourning, Memory, and Film in Postwar Germany” by Eric L. Santner:

“To [re]articulate the past historically does not mean to recognize it ‘the way it really was’ (Ranke). It means to seize hold of a memory as it flashes up at a moment of danger. Historical materialism wishes to retain that image of the past which unexpectedly appears to man singled out by history at a moment of danger. And further:

‘Materialist historiography . . . Is based on a constructive principle. Thinking involves not only the flow of thoughts, but their arrest as well. Where thinking suddenly stops in a configuration pregnant with tensions, it gives that configuration a shock, by which it crystallizes into a monad [homo]. A historical materialist approaches a historical subject only where he encounters it as monad. In this structure he recognizes the sign of a Messianic cessation of happening, or put differently, a revolutionary chance in the fight for the oppressed past. He takes cognizance of it in order to blast a specific era out of the homogeneous course of history – – blasting a specific life out of the era or a specific work out of the lifework.’

But short of such wish-fulfilling transformations, it might yet be possible to discover in the lives, in the words, in the faces and bodies of the parents traces of another history, another past, that might have been but was not. The “oppressed past” the Walter Benjamin speaks of is, in other words, one that never in fact took place but that nevertheless might become available to future generations. This past would be, as Benjamin suggests, a construction. It would be pieced together out of a different sort of stranded object than, say, the Hunsrücker words for berries or the ruins of Wahnfried. These stranded objects would be composed of symptoms.”

First, let me say that the use of electro-magnetic frequency waves passed through the brain of a subject can render them “thoughtless” or “drone-like” and unable to think for themselves. This is the “shock configuration” of the experiment. If thinking involves not only the flow of thoughts, but their arrest as well, then a situation suddenly pregnant with tensions and hostilities and riddled with the side effects of this “shock therapy” has crystallized the subject into a monad, or more precisely put, a homo.

I would venture to say that in certain individuals the response may have been mass-murder or suicide or both. Although thoughts of suicide infiltrated my thinking spaces as a result of this brutal torture, the thought being, “I‘m probably better off dead and out of my misery.” During social events pregnant with the tensions and hostilities of my same sex twin sibling and my mother‘s opposition, I saw the manifestation of this “homo” or “monad” response. That state which is present in the early stages of infancy during the oral phase of development of the infant at the breast, the stage which gives rise to our first narcissistic development (infantile narcissism). This state re-manifested itself in the fantasy of homoerotic wish-fulfillment in dominion and control over a same sexed opposite. If, “Sex is a form of violence,” then my wish fulfillment was controlled omnipotence over the ideal female which represented the female oppressive forms found in my environment.

In my opinion, this experiment is highly unethical and immoral. It lacks complete social responsibility for the value of human life and its unforeseen repercussions. It should be stopped as the experimenters are severely demented and warped!

But thinking further as to why this was carried out? If the human romance and all its magical forces are derived out of the Oedipal situation, with its tyrannical fathers, its oppressive mothers, and its rebellious young, then the unrequited love of ‘other’ which creates a form of “blocked mourning” may manifest itself in the inability to conceive of human desire except in terms of the cosmological, theological, or otherwise grandiose metaphysical terms (ie: the formation of fantasy). What follows then is the idea that conception of the human dilemma also contains a paternal component, namely the “father figure” that for Freud stands at the origin of the religious imagination. The religious imagination with its grandiose metaphysical structures of fantasy formation in the all-inclusive and all-loving God the father figure of religion reflects a similar structure in cases of homosexuality. This return of the human imagination to the source of power found in the oedipal stage of development then has a similar psychic structure of the power found in the return to one‘s maternal origins; the homosexual personality constellation.

Its renewal, then, is achieved in the social order of sexual relations, sexual fulfillment, and marriage. If the enigmatic Holy Grail is the allegory for man’s sexual spiritual quest, then the use of this technology coupled with tensions and hostilities impregnated in the subject’s social environment may be a way of securing for a subject something more, something concrete in terms of unresolved oedipal conflicts. In the experimenter’s opinion, he or she may want something other, something better for the subject than the dysfunctional adherence to an Oeidpal situation gone unresolved due to abuse. It would re-institute the possibility of assuaging the one of the biggest and most painful narcissistic injuries which is the separation from one‘s maternal origins. This reunion with one’s maternal origins, the reunion with the primal matrix would facilitate the possibility of healthier object relations? Is this a fucking experiment in sexology?

The Beginning of the End and the Demarcation of Beauty

Originally my approach to stress reduction was exercise and heterosexual relationships. Exercise helps to alleviate stress by diffusing anxieties through physical activity. Exercising releases endorphins, feel good chemicals that facilitate in maintaining states of equilibrium. They, in effect, help to balance the body, especially the brain. What I began to experience could be perceived as a direct threat, an attack on my person through the use of these electro-magnetic frequency waves. I began to experience during my early morning routines of psychical exercise intense electro-magnetic frequency. My fierce determination allowed me to continue for a time, suffering through its effects, but eventually gave way to surrender. I quit exercise all together.

What followed a several months later was a foot injury while maintaining my vegetable garden. My need for medical care and a podiatrist may have came as a serendipitous event in the eyes of my aggressor. He or she could always say, “She hurt her foot, that’s why she stopped working out.” This would work except for the timeline of events.

With exercised removed from my lifestyle came the onset of continued electro-magnetic torture, increased alcohol dependency, and the increased manifestation of homosexual fantasy as a result of no aggressive outlet, which was why exercise was used in my daily lifestyle. It helped to diffuse stress and helped maintain balance. As a result, I gained weight, became less desirable digressing away from the female ideal form and more of a representation of the matriarchal, omnipotent, all-powerful mother in obese form, with increased homoerotic fantasies. Ironic the image that manifested itself out of these abuses was the same image that every woman and man fears; “Cumulus” (see image below). The demarcations of turning into one’s mother. It is also the secret fear of every man, marrying his mother. The maternal elderly image is something that a woman grows into gracefully. It isn’t thrust upon her unwillingly and in the matter of months or even a few years. The process in and of itself can be traumatic, just like the unwanted pregnancy resulting from rape. After studying the psychic structures found in human psychology, one begins to understand how dark our natures really can be.

Cumulus.jpg
Sculpture entitled “Cumulus” by a German artist Miriam Lenk 2007

Scientists use the method of observation to explain events and circumstances. Psychoanalysis use the same method of observation to try and uncover the psychology behind visual works of art. What is the imaginary or metaphor reflected in this sculpture of a female with excessive weight and oversized genitals? All powerful mother who’s, according to Freud’s Oedipus, vagina is too large for the little boy to satisfy? Oedipal defeat? Oedipal defeat which could correspond to envy, loss, and anger. “Among the early psychoanalysts, Klein (1928, 1945) most clearly recognized the child’s need to identify with and make symbolic use of all the organs and parental capacities, including those fantasized as part of the mother-father interaction.” Additionally, as the over inclusive period becomes characterized by envy and ongoing protest against increasing realization of gender difference, say Fast (1984), castration represents for both sexes the loss of the opposite sex capacities and genitals. This protest is not completely symmetrical: for boys the focus is usually on the capacity to bear a baby, whereas for girls the coveted thing is the penis (Fast 1984).

Analysis of the sculpture: A naked female figure sits in her monstrous self, her legs apart, takes up space, and confronts her vis-à-vis with the intimidation of her female genitalia. Light complexion, soft flabby modeled flesh contrasted with exquisitely fine red curls framing her head, which is much too small compared to her body. The head, hands, and feet are illustrated in life-size and realistically. They nearly give the impression that they are unable to move or attend to this monstrous body. The body as an accumulation of female sex characteristics seems to create a world of its own. The head is slightly tilted toward the front. Her face expresses far-away thoughts and pleasantness. The delicately configured head is in stark contrast to the aggressive sexual body language. Oftentimes, body and mind are difficult to complement one another. The work is a play on various clichés of femininity. The woman as origin, as the source of life, her vagina is a grotto, deep, dark, moist, and dangerous. It is the man’s fear of primeval times that he is swallowed up by the woman. Karen Horney critiqued a poem entitled “The Diver” as an expression of man’s oceanic depth of overwhelming fear of oppression by women. The following quote explains man’s dark primal fear of the mystery behind the female form. “Karen Horney (1932) began her classic essay “The Dread of Woman” with Schiller’s poem about “The Diver” whose search for a woman doomed him to the perils of the engulfing deep. Horney suggests that man’s longing for woman is always coupled with “the dread that through her he might die and be undone.” This fear may be concealed either by contempt or by adoration: contempt repairs the injury to masculine self-esteem, whereas adoration covers dread with awe and mystery. Speculating on the origins of these feelings, Horney declares, “If the grown man continues to regard woman as a great mystery, in whom is a secret he cannot divine, this feeling of his can only relate ultimately to one thing in her: the mystery of motherhood.”  Modern disenchantment has no doubt worked to diminish the mystique surrounding procreation and motherhood. But the eclipse of this immediate sense of mystery has scarcely alleviated the dread of maternal power, it has only banished it to the darkness beyond the portals of enlightenment. There it remains alive, in the unconscious if you will, where it still serves diverse – divers – fantastic purposes.
The sculpture is a smooth surface, comprised of fiberglass, emphasizes the impression of tension and force; the anatomical details create a surreal corporeal being.

The Anti-Far Right Protests in Charlottesville (edited)

Charlottesville, Virgina

“The deaths came at the end of a day marked by violent clashes between far-right nationalists and people who had come to protest against their occupation of a downtown park containing a statue of the Confederate general Robert E. Lee.” The deeper narcissistic wound still felt emanating from the Dylann Roof massacre of June 17, 2015 when Roof, during a prayer service at Emanuel African Methodist Episcopal Church, opened fire and killed nine African American churchgoers in Charleston, South Carolina. This event sparked a wave of removals of Confederate monuments across the south due to this random massacre event. Dylann Roof proclaimed a white supremacy position posing with symbols supporting white supremacy and neo-Nazism on a web-site maintained by him, along with a manifesto in which he outlined his views toward blacks, among other peoples. He also claimed in the manifesto to have developed his white supremacist views after reading about the 2012 shooting of Trayvon Martin and “black-on-white crime.” It is apparent from these events that Dylann Roof was in need of some type of mental health program or advocacy in deterring the random mass shooting event from proliferating.

Symbols of the confederacy representing the “Lost Cause of the Confederacy” certainly display support for the oppression of certain ethnic groups and should be removed. What we are witnessing here in the United States are events that represent the blocked mourning of a national identity no longer in existence; the confederate south. Looking towards research on the German task of mourning following the collapse of Hitler’s Germany, Hans Jürgen Syberberg’s comment on Hitler’s rise to power. In this comment we see reflected the eerie similarities between the German nation and the current political events of the United States:

“It is doubtful that the uncertainty first began in 1945. Hitler’s rise to power was a function of the crises and catastrophes of a secularized civilization tumbling from rupture to rupture; this was a civilization marked by the loss of orientation and futile searches for security . . . From 1914 to 1945 the Germans were thrust into the cataracts of modernity to a degree that shattered all traditions, made the unthinkable thinkable, and institutionalized barbarity as political regime. It was for these reason that Hitler was able to triumph, that he was able to exploit and pervert Prussia and patriotism, the state and the virtues of civil society.”

Neo-Nazism and white supremacy supplant religious philosophies that express values and virtues that support inclusive social relations and codes of conduct. These perverse power structures stem from the disorientations and dysfunctions, as a consequence, of living in the larger diverse social order in which they are found. They express fundamental identity discontinuities and counseling programs or outreach programs that are targeted at helping at-risk youths and adults from suffering these forms of “crisis” and from further ruining their lives and the lives of others is in very much need within the American states at this present time.

Furthermore, we need to distinguish between whose side our political actions will support. Will our actions adhere in political theory the support of “ethics of responsibility” perspectives or “ethic of conviction” perspectives for the conspirators of similar acts that run parallel to the June 17, 2015 attack?

Additionally, we can consider “the gist of Jürgen Habermas’ critique of these trends in the historiography of fascism and the Holocaust is that they attempt to recuperate notions of centrality and modes of national identity no longer feasible in the harrowed cultural matrix of postwar German; rather than exploring strategies of coming to terms with a historical experience that changed not just the geopolitical, but also the moral and psychological, landscapes of Europe and the West, these historians place historiography in the service of a “national-historical restoration of a conventional identity.”

A “conventional identity” signifies in this context a self-structure still rooted in a specular relation to the particular norms, roles, “contents” of a specific social formation such as family . . or nation. Jürgen Habermas condenses these determinants of postwar political culture under the sign of what he calls “post conventional identity”:

“If among the younger generations national symbols have lost their formative powers [ie: what the American Flag means today]; if naïve identifications with one’s origins and lineage have given way to a more tentative relationship with history; if discontinuities are felt more strongly and continuities no longer celebrated at all costs . . . To the extend that all this is the case, we are witnessing increasing indications of the advent of a post conventional identity.”

If the protests down south which are aimed at prompting the removal of confederate symbols and statues that represent to the black community, black oppression and which are perceived as support white supremacy and neo-Nazism, then their removal should be granted. There seems to me to be a mis-identification with the newly established American flag and a strong adherence to the Colonial confederate flag of the past with its symbolized roots of oppression. It should be made clear that these symbols, the confederate flag and the confederate statues, no longer represent the newly established American philosophy which include the protection of African American civil rights. This current activism seen in the South which has manifested itself as a movement of protest against symbols of the confederacy, and to which Jügen Habermas has alluded to, suggest that the manifestations of mass shooting events as seen in the Dylann Roof South Carolina case, expresses the discontinuity felt in a national order that once so strongly believed in racial oppression. “And indeed, once [Jürgen] Habermas’ concept of a post conventional identity is situated within this more broadly drawn postmodern context, the texts of the historians’ debate quite rapidly become legible as symptoms of a remarkable repetition compulsion.”

In light of the conflicts of racial tensions still in existence today, the removal of confederate statues, confederate flags, and any symbol that supports white supremacy and neo-Nazism would further represent the “coalescent signifier” of unification between a nation and its people and express a statement of objection to any institution or identity that supports, either through action or words, the oppression of any one particular group of people.

While I can certainly understand the removal of certain confederate statues and symbols may be thought of as a way to improve the social situation, I doubt it will have little effect at deterring the next mentally deranged individual from picking up a gun and killing and injuring a group of people. The American Journal of Men’s Health wrote in a journal article entitled “Men, Masculinities, and Murder-Suicide”:

“Overall findings give pause to consider the need for men-centered Murder-Suicide prevention strategies to quell the catastrophic impacts of this long-standing but understudied men’s health issue.” Advocacy that supports the intervention of at-risks young males and adults may hold greater potential in deterring future further mass shooting events.

Symptom of these racial tensions may be read as stemming from an inability or refusal to mourn either the particular and deeply traumatic losses of their cultural heritage, namely, the confederacy’s lost cause and the blacks as commodities of ownership. Thus the blacks were oppressed and they blamed the whites. The whites, suffering from financial hardship and a mass delusion of supremacy, blamed the blacks for the their loss and ‘otherness’ and as a result condemned them to die (KKK). Similarly, the Jews were oppressed and blamed for the war. To the Germans, they became the signifier of the rupture and disturbance one would like to banish from the inside. However, no longer available as the signifier for the ruptures and disturbances in society that one would like to banish, we see the displacement in current events through acts of destruction; mass murder, rape, suicide, and other acts of violent aggression. With regard to these racial tensions and overall psychic anxieties, they now figure as the placeholder for the decenteredness and instability experienced as so painful and chronic in contemporary American society, a chronic and painful wound that has gone left unhealed.

Kim Jong-Un and Cultures of Perversion

North Korean leader Kim Jong Un waves as he presides over a mass rally and parade a day after the ruling party wrapped up its first congress in 36 years in Pyongyang

The psychological structures that contributed to Hitler’s Germany are theorized to be the same psychological structures that contribute to the sensational reception of Hollywood in all its phantasmagorical atmosphere and culture of perversion.

Adolf Hitler’s rise to power and placement as leader of the Germany Republic during World War II brought some of the largest crowds in history to a leaders reception. He was sensational! The Germans loved him and he became their lost father figure. A patriarch who promised to usher the children of this country home. The same bewilderment of loss, after the Third Reich fell and Hitler’s removal from power, mimicked the same type of longing and mourning that is left in the wake of a child’s realization of impotence during Oedipus. This perpetual longing and seeking of a wish fulfillment that can never be realized and one that so solidly cements a person’s gender identity, that is, the perpetual longing for the opposite sex fulfillment of Oedipus. The same type of loss left behind in the psychic structures of the German people, left them with a narcissistic wound and compromised ego. This unfulfilled wish that could never be realized had to be worked through. Years later the working through of grief and mourning by the generations manifested itself in a few ways. In one way it manifested itself in creative endeavors. Creative endeavors that typically took the shape of biographies and films. The second way, wasn’t really a working through as much as it was a diversion of libido. It this diversion typically took place by the first generation decedents that were involved in war crimes themselves. This diversion took the shape of redirecting ones attention on family image. This excessive attention and focus on family image created an absence of emotional connection to the children themselves and thus contributed to the second and third generations feelings of loss and mourning and a need for reparation. A need for reparation because something needed was never received.

Eric L. Santner’s book Stranded Objects: Mourning, Memory, and Loss in Postwar Germany analysis German films of the late 60’s and 70’s period. Specifically, Santner’s analysis of Hans Jürgen Syberberg’s films which suggest the cultural transmission of the same “sensational sickness” of Hitler’s Germany is produced in modern day by Hollywood and film. The creation of sensational fantasies which typically take place in film, television, and modern media, make places like Disney World and Disneyland by-product of this very phantasmagorical wish fulfillment. These same phantasmagorical structures are the same type of psychic structures that contribute to mass perversions of mental illness. The thesis to this perverse transmission of mental illness is suggest that the root cause lies in something going wrong in the oedipal phase of development of children at risk for acquiring high levels of narcissism.

One of the disturbances that is thought to occur in early childhood development following through to Oedipus is the onset of homosexual gender identity. The onset of this process is thought not to have occurred during the oedipal phase itself but is rooted in the pre-oedipal and carries through to oedipal. Science also suggests the possibly of strong genetic factors. Within the construction of personality, biology plays a part. Genetics, hormonal influences, brain bio-chemistry are significant influences, as is a person’s pre-disposition to temperament, and of course, the nature of a person’s environment and what he or she has learned from past experiences, are also contributing factors as well. Beginning with the first pre-oedipal phase, or what Jessica Benjamin suggest in her theory of sexual differentiation theory, is the phase of nominal state of gender identity and this theory suggests the child is capable of identifying the differences between concrete representation of self-body and self-other body interactions, which are retroactively defined as gendered. She suggests that gender identity occurs through a series of interaction with both the same sex parent and opposite sex parent and that these interactions influence the child’s future gender choice. The child’s “sense of belonging to a sex becomes complicated by later conflicts and fantasies, anxieties, and defenses, complications that render masculinity and femininity far more ambiguous than maleness and femaleness” (Stoller 1973). Stoller argued that only if the male child separates from his mother in the separation-individuation, in “misidentifying” with the mother, can he develop the “non-core gender identity” which we call masculinity. The core gender identity for both male and female infants is thought to be feminine because the child‘s first interactions with mother is the maternal breast and is not seen as a separate individual but rather as an extension of the self which forms a homoerotic development of self-love. These first interactions root us in the first narcissistic phase of development (our infantile narcissism) and this stage can hold secrets to a person‘s development of narcissistic qualities because we know that if a child is left unfed for the first few days of life can have catastrophic consequences for the child.

It is important to note that the modern era has designated homosexuality, bisexuality, and transgender sexual identity benign forms of aggression that do not threaten the world at large. These personality constellations are no longer seen as mental illnesses and with good reason. But the same creations of high level of narcissism which can be found in some of these disorders are also found in the narcissistic personality disorder and other variants personality disorders of psychopathy. If the ancient Talmud of Jewish text which designates six different words that mean six different gender identities, then this means the dysfunctions of early childhood development, including the oedipal phase have been with us for thousands of years, if not since the dawn of homosapien arrival. This information is crucial because personality and gender disorders with their onset of sexual orientation and personal identity have been with us since ancient Israel, and this also suggests that they may not necessarily be troublesome disorders. This also means that the various forms of psychopathy and antisocial personality disorders have been with us for the same amount of time. Something else has changed in the human course of events, but what’s changed in the recent course of human history that is responsible for the proliferation of mass random shootings of people? The massive envy, loss, anger, and rage?

What has changed is the age of progress, the Golden Age or the age of exponential growth of technology and industry and along side it, population growth. Science suggests that this very technological growth is the reason for population growth. This progress of growth coupled with the sensational events of Hollywood are theorized to be the contributing factors to the exponential growth of mental illness and random mass shooting events. Shootings that seek to reinforce the sensational and reinforcement of a person’s ego ideal.

The dysfunctional by product is the compromised ego or wounded narcissism and the psychological indemnificatory process or the psychological payment in compensation for a loss. This indemnificatory process was witnessed in the crucifixion of Jesus Christ. It was also witnessed in the Hitler’s programs of Jewish genocide. It can be seen in Gary Ridgway’s prolific murders of random prostitutes, and it can be seen in the high number of fatalities behind sensationalized random mass shooting events. This tremendous need to reinforce a person’s ego, a person’s weak and compromised ego stemming from a narcissistic wound suggest to psychologist that something is going wrong with Oedipus. These events typically surge during periods of depleted identity (identity crisis), especially during financial depletion or crisis in a population or country as was seen in 1930-1940s Germany. The formation of weakened egos by a culture that is left impoverished. This depletion or cultural lucanea or lacking has been viewed by feminist as a denial of the mother’s subjectivity, in theory and in practice, one which profoundly impedes our ability to see the world as inhabited by equal subjects. Hitler’s promise to re-vitalize Germany which reinforced the egos of many of the individuals living in the population and his action of genocide cast speculation on a theory. A theory that a shadow was cast upon a man, an omen of exponential oppression, one that was born out of the delusional fear and paranoia of “other” as an undeserving equal and individual subject with rights. This delusional fear and paranoia can be found in theories on matricide. The reinforcement of commodifying a species self-worth through material gains and capitalism, is theorized to be the root causes of our modern day ills. Actions of individuals who buy, purchase, or select sensational commodities that reinforce ideal consumerism and reinforce a weak egos to believe in their self worth. This consumerism is similar to the same type of consumerism that Hitler’s sold to the German population as the German-Ideal. This German-Ideal took the shape of indemnification of the Jewish people. Likewise, when we buy into a series of untruths created out of this delusional fear and paranoia, we lose a significant piece of truth about ourselves, a truth regarding our true individual identity and we are. When we continue to believe that what makes us who we are can be selected, gift wrap, and purchased we buy into a notion that our core identities can be fabricated like mannequins. These mannequins are the stranded objects left behind by a countries commodification through mass media and advertisements.

I don’t want to confuse issues between beauty and narcissistic wound created by the denial of the maternal subjectivity, one which profoundly impedes our ability to see the world as inhabited by equal subjects, including the self as a subject. An individual who may feel undesirable in her appearance and therefore behaves in a consistently self conscious fashion may choose to undergo plastic surgery to re-vitalize her libido. One may recall the individual who had to wear glasses all her life. The insecure child who was bullied and called “four eyes” in her neighborhood. This same child who, grows up to discover contact lenses and transforms herself into something wonderful by liberating her libido. She proves a neighborhood full of bullies wrong. This occurrence, by all means may be the preferred choice if it encourages a stronger sense of self, and one that doesn’t comprise the self through damage but actually encourages behaviors that seek to help, rather than destroy the self. Rather there is a distinction to be made between the issues. Products that serve to exemplify a compromised ego in facilitating beauty, and ones in which women or men behave in less self-conscious ways, ones promoting group harmony, are not being used in the same way as, say, another who’s sole purpose for breast implants may be to “secure a rich daddy” and maintain an easy lifestyle. Women should be encouraged to perform meaningful work, and if a little plastic surgery or a pair of contact lenses serve to better a person’s performance I would never speak ill of such transformations. Rather there are people who have repeated plastic surgeries that totally disfigure and derange their natural beauty. From a psychological standpoint, I think the ways in which we seek to make use of medical technologies, beauty products, and medicines should consider the ways in which we choose to utilize these very products because the way we chose to utilize them could, in fact, be detrimental to the self. Diet pills, as a product, are used to facilitate weight loss and can be abused or mismanaged. I think the tyranny of fashion can certainly be used to corrupt a person’s sense of self in ways that are perverse, but I don’t necessarily see fashion, style, and mass media as malignant forms of psychology found in our species. They can be used with a conscience. When fashion becomes an obsession, as we have witnessed in the obsessional preoccupation with weight in cases of anorexia, as an emaciated desired form of women in the fashion industry. I think this is something that is a perversion of fashion and a perverse image of self in the beauty of women, but, again, I don’t necessarily believe fashion, style, and mass media to be perverse in and of themselves. They certainly can rise to levels of abnormal and some media advertisements can certainly contribute to the transmission of this cultural sickness.

With exponential population growth and the growth of technologies that make our lives easier with “less to do” has contributed to the detachment we feel from one another. Today, work is done from behind a computer screen, we no longer have the face to face interactions which is seen to be so crucial for personal human development of social relations. We can certainly begin to understand how this can contribute to our cultural sickness when it rises to the levels of perverse. Over dependence on technology and obsessional use of its means can contribute to psychological problems. With our population growth, getting lost in a big class room is akin to getting lost in a bigger social order. Individuals can begin to feel like they lost their sense of self, lost in a world that wants to sell us the perfect ideal. The perfect mattress. The perfect car. The perfect husband. The perfect wife. The perfect life. When societies were smaller and people had to work hard for what they received, this shared condition help to foster inner-connections with one another. When one person lost a cattle or sheep to disease, its loss was felt be all the community because everyone knew the expense of that loss. When things become easily fabricated and manufactured, loss doesn’t seem so hard to take. It easy just to manufacture another one. This contributes to our modern day disconnect and lack of empathy and value for things, including people.

In discussing the phantasmagorical, the defense industry makes use of weapons that can be pretty sensational. For example, in recent events, North Korea and Kim Jong-Un who consistently displays high levels of paranoia is trying to manufacture a nuclear weapon. The North Korean Capital Complex where Kim Jong-Un lives is the most heavily guarded places on earth. His palace has high level security systems with security designs that make it impenetrable. Anyone navigating its high tech corridors without permission would probably be executed on demand. While North Korea is currently completing a project in creating a nuclear war head, the United States is getting ready to impose action. What form this action will take still remains uncertain. In the age of progress, in this Golden Age of technology, how phantasmagorical is a nuclear weapon? Think of the sensational devastation that could be cause by detonating something so massive. Again, we see the sensational behind the fantastical. The design and creation of nuclear devastation is subject to the analysis of the delusional paranoia of matricide. Perhaps the North Korean leader figures new people can be fabricated and manufactured like manniquins in a retail store. It is most likely that the United States will be unwavering and unsympathetic to the paranoia of a devil.

Distinguishing Characteristics Between Normal Behavior and The Covert Aggressive Personality

Covert-aggressive conduct less resembles the “startled cat” and more resembles the “cat on the prowl.”

How we utilize our human aggressive tendencies to satisfy our needs and satisfy our wish fulfillment follow established lines of conduct prescribed by society in relation to its different environmental needs. All things being equal, normal object relations with its capacity to empathize with others is the desired personality constellation wished for by society. But just like Christmas gifts at Christmas time we don’t always get what we hoped for.

Envy, loss, anger, hate are feelings typically embodied in the human condition. At the heart of abnormal narcissism in personality disorders we find wounds that reflect these feelings. From these we see manifest the various forms of psychopathy. In studying aspects of human aggression, covert aggression and overt aggression, submissive personality or aggressive personality, we learn to distinguish between personality and character:

“The aspect of someone’s personality that reflects how they accept and fulfill their social responsibilities and how they conduct themselves with others have sometimes been referred to “character.” Character are those aspects of an individual’s personality that reflect the extent to which they have developed personal integrity and a commitment to responsible social conduct.” (For example, how we adhere to the Social Contract).

Persons of sound character temper their instinctual drives, moderate important aspects of their conduct, and especially, discipline their aggressive tendencies in the service of the greater social good.

“Personality can also be defined as the unique manner that a person develops of perceiving, related to an interacting with others and the world at large. Within this personality, biology plays a part (ie: genetics, hormonal influences, brain bio-chemistry), as does temperament, and of course, the nature of a person’s environment and what he or she has learned from past experiences are big influences, also. All of these factors dynamically interact and contribute to the distinctive “style” a person develops over time in dealing with others and coping with life’s stressors in general. A person’s interpersonal interactive “style” or personality appears a largely stable characteristic that doesn’t moderate much with time and generalizes across a wide variety of situations.”

Within the society at large are a vast array of personality constellations we may come in contact with everyday. Some of these constellations can be dangerous to interact with and many may operate outside the established laws of society. These personality constellations frequently violate the social contract of conduct but cannot be incarcerated for doing so. They are tedious aggravations and annoyances. Another aspect that contributes to the continued victimization by these individuals is the fact that these transgressions although not criminal, may be considered civil matters and the responsibility of civil matters are to be taken on by the individuals who are being victimized themselves. Many people do not want to go through the hassle of filing court papers, arguing their argument, just to be told they may not receive their compensation. Some just walk away from the matter completely and choose to avoid individuals like these all together.

Take for example covert aggression. This character trait is said to comprise the largest segment of society. The covert aggressive is good at concealing overt displays of aggression while simultaneously intimidating others into backing-off, backing-down, or giving in is a very powerful manipulative maneuver. That’s why covert-aggression is most often the vehicle for interpersonal manipulation. When someone is being covertly aggressive they’re using calculating, underhanded means to get what they want or manipulate the response of other while keeping their aggressive intentions under cover.

The psychodynamic theorist Alfred Adler noted many years ago that we also forcefully strive to assert a sense of social superiority. Fighting for personal and social advantage, we jockey with one another for power, prestige, and secure social “niche.” Indeed, we do so much fighting in so many aspects of our lives I think it fair to say that when human beings aren’t making some kind of love, they’re likely to be waging some kind of war.

When we fight for what we truly need while respecting the rights and needs of others and taking care not to needlessly injure them, our behavior is best labeled assertive, and assertive behavior is one of the most healthy and necessary human behaviors.

Distinguishing Between “Submissive” Personalities vs. “Aggressive” Personalities

Running into obstacles or barriers to what we want is the essence of human conflict. Now, there are fundamentally two things a person can do when running up against an obstacle to something they want. They can be so overwhelmed or intimidated by the resistance they encounter or so unsure of their ability to deal with it effectively, that they fearfully retreat. Alternately, they can directly challenge the obstacles. If thy are confident enough in their fighting ability and tenacious enough in their temperament, they might try to forcefully remove or overcome whatever stands between them and the object of their desire.

Submissive personalities habitually and excessively retreat from potential conflicts. They doubt their abilities and are excessively afraid to take a stand. Because they “run” from challenges too often, they deny themselves opportunities to experience success. This pattern makes it hard for them to develop a sense of personal competence and achieve self-reliance.

In contrast, aggressive personalities are overly prone to fight in any potential conflict. Their main objective in life is “winning” and they pursue this objective with considerable passion. They forcefully strive to overcome, crush, or remove any barriers to what they want. They accept challenges readily. Whether their faith in their ability to handle themselves in most conflicts is well-founded or not, they tend to be overly self-reliant or emotionally independent.

Some Personality Traits Worthy To Distinguish From In An Individual’s Conduct

The following is a list of problematic ways of thinking and character traits that are exhibited by disordered characters:

Self-Focused (self-centered) thinking. Disordered characters are always thinking of themselves. They don’t think about what others need or how their behavior might impact others. This kind of thinking leads to attitudes of selfishness and disregard for social obligation.

Possessive thinking. This is thinking of people as possessions to do with as I please or whose role it is to please me. Disturbed characters also tend to see others as objects (objectification) as opposed to individuals with dignity, worth, rights and needs. This kind of thinking leads to attitudes of ownership, entitlement and dehumanization.

Extreme (all-or-none) thinking. The disordered character tends to think that if he can’t have everything he wants, he won’t accept anything. If he’s not on top, he sees himself at the bottom. If someone doesn’t agree with everything he says, he thinks they don’t value his opinion at all. This kind of thinking keeps him form any sense of balance or moderation and promotes an uncompromising attitude.

Egomaniacal thinking. The disordered character so overvalues himself that he thinks that he is entitled to whatever he wants. He tends to think that things are owed him, as opposed to accepting that he needs to earn the things he desires. This kind of thinking promotes attitudes of superiority, arrogance and entitlement.

Shameless thinking. A healthy sense of shame is lacking in the disturbed character. He tends not to care how his behavior reflects on him as a character. He may be embarrassed if someone exposes his true character, but embarrassment at being uncovered is not he same as feeling shameful about reprehensible conduct. Shameless thinking fosters an attitude of brazenness.

Quick and easy thinking. The disturbed character always wants things the easy way. He hates to put forth effort or accept obligation. He gets far more joy out of “conning” people. This way of thinking promotes an attitude of disdain for labor and effort.

Guiltless thinking. Never thinking of the rightness or wrongness of a behavior before he acts, the disturbed character takes whatever he wants, no matter what societal norm is violated. This kind of thinking fosters an attitude of irresponsibility and anti-sociality.

Some Different Personality Constellations To Consider In Regard To Psychopathy

The Unbridled-Aggressive. These personalities are openly hostile, frequently violent and often criminal in their behavior. These are the people we commonly label antisocial. They tend to be easily angered, lack adaptive fearfulness or cautiousness, are impulsive, reckless, and risk-taking, and are overly prone to violate the rights of others. Many spend a good deal of their lives incarcerated because they simply won’t conform, even when it’s in their best interest. Traditional thinking on these personalities has always been that they are the way they are because they grew up in circumstances that made them mistrust authority and others and were too scarred from abuse and neglect to adequately “bond” to others. My experience over the years has convinced me that some of these overtly aggressive personalities have indeed been fueled in their hostility by an inordinate mistrust of others. An even smaller number appear to be biologically predisposed to extreme vigilance and suspiciousness (ie: have some paranoid personality traits as well). But my experience has taught me that most unbridled aggressive personalities are not so much driven by mistrust and suspicion, but rather an excessive readiness to aggress, even when unnecessary, unprompted, or fueled by anger. They will aggress without hesitation or regard to consequence either o themselves or others. And a fair number of these individuals do not have abuse, neglect, or disadvantage, in their backgrounds. Indeed, some were the beneficiaries of the best circumstances. So, many of our traditional assumptions about these personalities are being re-evaluated. One researcher has noted that about the only reliable common factor he could find among all of the various “criminal personalities” he had worked with was that they all seemed to enjoy engaging in illicit activity.

Channeled-Aggressive. These personality types are overtly aggressive personalities who generally confine their aggression to socially acceptable outlets such as business, sports, law enforcement, the legal profession and the military. These people are often rewarded for being tough, headstrong, and competitive. They may openly talk about “burying” the competition or “crushing” their opponents. They don’t usually cross the line into truly antisocial behavior but it really shouldn’t surprise anyone when they do. That’s because their social conformity is often more a matter of practicality rather than a true submission to a set of principles or higher authority. So, they’ll break the rules and inflict undue harm on others when they feel justified in so doing. Or when they think they can get away with it.

Sadistic Aggressive. These personality types are a overtly aggressive subtype. Like all other aggressive personalities, they seek positions of power and dominance over others. But these individuals gain particular satisfaction from seeing their victims squirm and grovel in positions of vulnerability. For the other aggressive personality types, inflicting pain or injury on anyone standing in the way of something they want are seen as merely hazards of the fight. Most of the aggressive personalities don’t set out to hurt, they set out to win. The way they see it, if someone has to get hurt for them to have their way, then so be it. The sadist, however, enjoys making people grovel and suffer. Like the other aggressive personalities, sadist want to dominate and control, but they particularly enjoy doing that by humiliating and denigrating their victims.

Predatory (psychopathic).  They are the most dangerous (also referred to by some as the psychopath or sociopath). Their group is relatively uncommon. These characters are radically different from most people. Their lack of conscience is unnerving. They tend to see themselves as superior creatures for whom the inferior, common man is rightful prey. They are the most extreme manipulators or con artists who thrive on exploiting others. They can be charming and disarming. As highly skilled predators, they study the vulnerabilities of their prey and are capable of the most heinous acts of victimization with no sense of remorse or regret. Because the various aggressive personality types have so much in common, it’s not unusual for one subtype to possess some of the characteristics of another. So, predominantly antisocial personalities may have some sadistic as well as cover-aggressive features and covert-aggressive may have some antisocial tendencies.

Covert-Aggressive. As an aggressive personality subtype, one might expect covert-aggressive to share some of characteristics of narcissist as well as the other aggressive personalities. But covert-aggressive have many unique attributes that make them a truly distinct type of aggressive personality. These personalities are mostly distinguished from the other aggressive personality types by the way that they fight. They fight for what they want and seek power over others in subtle, cunning and underhanded ways. On balance, they are much more character disordered than neurotic. To the degree they might have some neurosis, they deceive themselves about their true character and their covertly-aggressive conduct. To the degree they are character disordered, the more thy actively attempt to deceive only their intended victims.

Key phrases to listen for when trying to determine if someone is dealing with a covert-aggressive personality:

People will often describe a covert-aggressive with the following key phrases:

“He/she stops at nothing.” (a strong determination to win)

“He/she fights dirty.” (lack of empathy and highly narcissistic)

“He/she is a ‘bitch.'” (is the person consistently makes other people’s lives miserable in the course of getting what he/she wants without any consideration to the other parties you may be dealing with a cover-aggressive personality or another type of disordered character.)

Approaches to Clinical Therapy

When a cat is stalking a mouse for lunch, it would be ridiculous to assume that it is doing so out of fear of the mouse, is angry with mouse, has “unresolved anger issues” in general, or is “acting-out” past trauma of victimization by a mouse, etc. Yet, these are precisely the kinds of assumptions many mental health professionals and laypersons alike make when they march predatory aggressors into anger management classes or fear of intimacy groups. It’s hard for some people to understand the simple underpinnings of predatory aggression and equally hard for them to accept that all creatures are capable of this type of aggressive conduct. The cat is stalking the mouse because it want‘s to eat it for lunch!

It is also the reason why psychoanalysis does little with regards to therapy and recovery for these personality types. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy is the preferred approach for therapy and recovery for these individuals.

Covert-aggressive conduct less resembles the “startled cat” and more resembles the “cat on the prowl.”

 

Abner Louima; 20 Years Later

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Psychological fact. In terms of police brutality, beatings are used in a response to anger elicited from a subject and brute physical force is sought as a means of exerting dominance and control over a situation. Where as shootings, on the other hand, are primarily carried out in response to fear in the line of police work.

Abner Louima is a Haitian who was assaulted, brutalized, and forcibly sodomized with a broken-off broom handle by officers of the New York Police Department after he was arrested outside a Brooklyn nightclub in 1997.

Abner Louima – A Case of Police Brutality 20 Years Later

“Every community has a right to demand of all its agents, an account of their conduct.”

“Men are born, and always continue, free, and equal in respect of their rights. Civil distinctions, therefore, can be founded only on public utility.”

“The law ought to impose no other penalties but such as are absolutely and evidently necessary: and no one ought to be punished, but in virtue of a law promulgated before the offense, and legally applied.” ~Thomas Paine

A Personal Work of Art and What It Means To Life (edited)

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“Autumn Fluidity”

I pretend in no way to be a competent artist. That is a fact. But let me say that I was inspired to create this artwork in August of 2013. I awoke one morning with my windows open and I could smell the cool crisp breeze of autumn in the summer air. The wind was blowing a cool breeze through my open window and the breeze wafted under my nose that old familiar sent the marks the end of summer. In my delirium of its beauty I imagined myself dancing with this “Autumn Wind.”  In unison we danced in fluidity of celebration of its arrival. A few weeks later my older sister would take a fall down a flight of steps and end-up in the hospital. She would die a few weeks later right before Labor Day.

My sister had coronary artery disease. She struggled with her weight and her diet through out her life, as many of us do. She was morbidly obese for a portion of her life, and she battle type 2 diabetes as well. But towards the end of her life seemed to manage it much better. Inherited traits from our Italian antecedents I‘m afraid. I would too be diagnosed with type 2 diabetes in the Spring of that same year.  I would find out that months before my sister was suffering from chest pains before she took her fall and she was afraid to have the necessary surgery to correct her diseased heart. She had what doctors called the “Widow Maker.” She was told that surgery, in her particular case, was risky and so she avoided it at all costs, suffering with the chest pains instead. Who knew how long she would have after all? In her opinion, it was better to contemplate a few more weeks, a few more months, maybe even another year than consciously enter into the unknown death sentence of risky medical surgery.

After her admittance into the hospital, one night she experienced disorientation, the disorientation that might mimic a stroke. The kind of disorientation that renders you unaware and unable to recognize you surroundings. Then, the following day she fell into a coma. The doctors said a blood clot dislodged and went to her brain. She had to have brain surgery to remove the clot. When she came out of surgery, she would never be the same. The sister we had known and loved all these years simply wasn’t there. She died in rehabilitative care, in a secondary medical facility, that was designed to rehabilitate stroke victims.

This painting, to me, represents the dynamic forces of nature. The wind and the change of seasons. Those forces that are outside of our control, those forces we can not stop no matter how much we may wish they would. The wind I experienced that summer morning was a gentle kissing wind that licked your face and brought a scent into your presence that illicit wonderful memories. A scent of the past. The smell of autumn nights, Halloween, pumpkins, apple cider, and the warmth of hooded sweat shirts. But the wind can be a devastating force as well. A force that changes everything.

To me this painting is so much more, in spite of its flaws. It reminds me of how, like the wind, time and life flow. They flow constantly and are constantly dynamic. They flow in one direction only and never cease. The wind may stop and seem to be still, non-present in the wake of activity, but it is still there. Time and life never cease even in stillness and chaos. They continue on. I’m reminded of that fact when I look at the strokes in this painting. It helps me to touch down and recognize that life, like time, is a dynamic force to recon with. Things can change in the blink of an eye, like the direction of the wind. And we as a human species, in spite of how advanced we may have become, can no more harness time than we can harness the wind. We cannot make it slow down or stop. We cannot reverse its course. We are travelers, like the wind and the pollen in springtime. Sometimes events take us to places we may not particularly care to be, like the wind can carries a fallen leaf to a fallen destination, but we are unable to change that. We have to accept what is. We have to accept that death is possible. Death is inevitable. What is left behind are our memories and those who remember us. Our beautiful children and family. They possess the elements of who we were and create a life based in the memory of what we were. That is the equanimity of nature. The equanimity of life.

Angelus Novus; The Angel of History and Other Works of Art by Paul Klee

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“Angelus Novus” by Paul Klee (1920)

The study of psychoanalysis, especially theories in matricide, is much more than a study of any one individual’s personality, it is the study of what causes human suffering, disease, catastrophe, violence, strife, and war throughout the archive of human history. It is the study of the paranoid schizoid personality constellation that has not only manifested itself in war, but in serial murder and rape.

Paul Klee’s artwork, Angelus Novus, is 1920 monoprint by this Swiss-German artist. Using the oil transfer method he invented, his work has inspired works by other artists, filmakers, writers, and musicians. Klee’s work is described as the emblem of the angel of history and one which represents the age of multinational capitalism, and the somewhat perverse mode of universal history. Walter Benjamin, who felt a mystical identification with the Angelus Novus incorporated into his ninth thesis theory of the “angel of history,” in his “Theses on the Philosophy of History” Benjamin writes:

“A Klee painting named, “Angelus Novus” shows an angel looking as through he is about to move away from something he is fixedly contemplating. His eyes are starring, his mouth is open, his wings are spread. This is how one pictures the angel of history. His face is turned toward the past. Where we perceive a chain of events, he sees one single catastrophe which keeps piling wreckage upon wreckage and hurls it in front of his feet. The angel would like to stay, awaken the dead, and make whole what has been smashed. But a storm is blowing from Paradise; it has got caught in his wings with such violence that he angel can no longer close them. This storm irresistibly propels him into the future to which his back is turned, while the pile of debris before him grows skyward. This storm is what we call progress.”

Symbols of  Fantasy, Myth, and Culture in Paul Klee’s Artwork

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“A Woman for Gods” (1938) by Paul Klee

“In the great mythological figures one sees the structuring of the imaginary system.” ~Luce Irigaray

Reviewing Paul Klee’s painting once can witness the reflection of an epoch of history. One of his paintings that struck my attention was “A Woman for Gods” (1938), pictured above, in which the painting depicts mythical symbols of the moon and sun. The mythological representation which reflect the mysteries of the feminine. This artwork, in my opinion, certainly represents the males preoccupation for the mysteries of woman; perhaps the childbearing process as she seems to be “bearing down,” the focus on the uncovered genital parts, the breasts, which can also support Bruno Bettelheim’s theory behind the symbolism of penile subincision in his work entitled “Symbolic Wounds,” and certainly can be symbolic in theories which discuss matricide, or the dead mother. This painting was created during the World War II of the Nazi interlude.

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“The Flower Myth” (1918) by Paul Klee

“Myth is a form of knowledge about delirium and symptoms. The myth reveals psychiatric knowledge.” ~Jean-Joseph Goux

The second painting that strikes me in Paul Klee’s collection, and perhaps is the most symbolic of them all in terms of matricide, is entitled “The Flower Myth” (1918), pictured above, and depicts the mythical symbol of a bird diving toward what appears to be the womb of the female form, but after closer inspection of the painting, the womb turns out to be the seedling sprout of a flower. We also see astrological symbols of a crescent moon, and what appears to be the eclipsing of a sun. On the periphery of the painting we see trees symbolic of nature, or more importantly “Mother Nature.” The eclipsing of the sun is symbolic of an intrusion or a blocking, representing a type of interference. This painting was created during the historical event of the Bolshevik Revolution (1917-1918) and the first inception of the first communist government in Russia with the fall of the House of Romanov, the Russian crown monarch.

What is also interesting about this particular painting is that its symbolic representation run parallel with the imagery found in one of the oldest surviving plays of history, Aeschylus play the Oresteia. The Oresteian myth leaves us with a rich corpus of material concerned with the house of Atreus and the bloody chain of murders that marks its transgenerational history. It is also the mythical play that is considered the reversal of Oedipus and has been used in psychoanalytic theories on matricide. Similar to this painting, and found in the first play in the Aeschylus trilogy, “Agamemnon,” it depicts symbols of two devouring birds, twin eagles, one with white tail feathers and one with black tail feathers. The tapestry of colors, one black and one white, is symbolic of the forces of good and evil. These twin eagles consume a pregnant rabbit which is suppose to symbolize the war victory of Argos over Troy. Interesting the tapestry of this Paul Klee’s painting is crimson red.

Additionally, the fertile land of Troy, which was successfully sacked, raped, and destroyed by Agamemnon symbolize the manifestation of rape, more importantly sadistic serial rape and murder in the postmodern epoch. And like the play declares, aggressive acts of war can bring about ill omens and curse upon the house of the aggressor. In some plays these curses appear as Furies which can represent the disturbed mental state of grief and guilt of the paranoid schizoid. In this Greek myth, Metis is raped, impregnated and swallowed up by Zeus. The pregnant female form of Metis could represent the female fertile woman, perhaps even a virgin or any woman who has the capability of being of child bearing age. Like Klee’s painting, it is a corollary to the symbolism found in Aechylus’ Agamemnon.

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“Strong Dream” (1929) by Paul Klee

The third painting that struck me in his collection was entitled “Strong Dream” (1929), pictured above, it depicts a man lying under what appears astrological symbols of a crescent yellow moon and a blood red full moon. Drapped over him is what appears to be a blanket the resembles wings. Next to the head of the man is an imprint of a shoe mark, which may serve the double function of a pillow and an impressionable mark. Interestingly our dreams serve us symbolic and sensational fantasized imagery that helps us to decode the events of our waking life. The symbolism found in fantasy, myth and culture are specific to elements in our waking worlds.  The tapestry of the painting is darkness, the veil of night, the time in which the symbolism of our dreams become manifest. The body language of the man appears to be petrified, almost frozen in fear. The symbolism in this painting could mark an end or perhaps a cessation to life, or perhaps a realized fear. Interestingly, this painting was created during the year that marked the end of the “Roaring Twenties,” and what followed was the Great Depression after the wall street market crashed the same year. This event started a world wide economic crisis and the American economy wouldn’t fully recover for two decades.

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“Captive” (1940) by Paul Klee

“Then even as the fire doth upward move, by its own form, which to ascend is born, where longest in its matter it endures, so comes the captive soul into desire, which is a motion spiritual, and ne’er rests until she doth enjoy the thing beloved.” ~Dante Alighieri The Purgatorio

The fourth painting in Klee’s collection that stuck me was a work entitled “Captive” (1940). This painting is dated the year of Paul Klee’s death. The artwork depicts a prison cell with a face, that is unsmiling and one which appears to have been injured with one eye that is closed, and which seemingly reflects a swollen black eye. The tapestry of the painting is the blue hued darkness of night. The transition of blue and teal colors across the tapestry almost reflect a partially cloud covered night sky with introjected rays of lighter tones. The year the painting was dated the War with Germany was still alive. It would not end for another 5 years. The darkness of the painting reflects the phantom of a psychological blind spot of the political state during this historical epoch in German history, and one that is reflective of the projection of a persecutory object. The persecutory tone projected on to the Jewish population. The incarceration of many Jews at the various death camps symbolize the splitting of the “bad breast” of Clytemnestra in Aeschylus’ play the Oresteia, while the German population represented the “good breast” of Athena who symbolizes the loving guiding help of goodness and love. The painting is symbolic of the negative psychic effects of the paranoid schizoid position of splitting and marks the need of a working through of a prolific amount of grief found in the numbed German psyche, most likely left behind from this symbolic space of early childhood. A wound that had continued left unresolved.

Like the films of Hans Jürgen Syberberg, Paul Klee’s artworks become the subject matter of the struggles of light against darkness, quests for redemption from degeneration and corruption. Particular to Freud and the reversal of Oedipus, they occupy a deep psychological and ideological core of real historical events. What we can discern from literature and artwork is “not unlike the Chinese philosophers, recognizes the great laws of life in the rhythms of the winds and the growth of grain and the composure of a tranquil death and sees volcanoes, revolutions, and the hunger for vengeance as the loud but in the end smaller, transitory events of the world and represents them as such.”