By Karen Barna
“Most people are born into a family. This family will mark them for life.” ~Alice Miller, Paths of Life
In making my argument against the negative affect of electro-magnetic frequency in psychiatric medicine or in general as a mode of abusive measure, I’d like to reference Freud, a quote from Bodies That Matter: On the Discursive Limits of “Sex” by Judith Butler, and some material from “The Wiley Handbook of Positive Clinical Psychology” under Dysfunctional Coping and Vicious Cycles as a means to draw a connection between gang and Mafia mentality and the abusive use of electro-magnetic frequency as compared to the negative affects of corporal punishment, inflicted in abusive parental styles, and as a form of power and subjugation that can be described, witnessed, and documented in the creation or recreation of drives of repetition as referred to an adherence to the death drive as a mode of psychic power seen in cases of mental illness (see Dysfunctional Coping and Vicious Cycles).
In my previous post I discussed the growth of an “angry culture.” We witness the violence on TV, the stress levels in the home, and the anger in the hearts of many young men and women. Our culture seems to be encouraging psychic forms of power that adhere to the death drive. We witness this in the many different delusions of ‘self’ and ‘other’ as seen in; forms of white supremacy, anorexia, gang mentality, racial terrorism, discrimination in individuals with gender identity issues, etc. These are the negative effects of maladaptive social environments on the human ego. Its ripple effect has been witnessed in the rise of mass shootings in a culture riddled with hate. Where does all this hate come from? We see the repressed cries of wounded attachments from the former states of injury in infancy and childhood and an abusive need to establish control. This control seems to stem from a need for the under developed egos of men to maintain levels of success, to shore-up their identities in a capitalistic world that demands results, sometimes to the measure of forgoing our empathy.
In “On Narcissism,” Freud distinguishes between narcissistic and anaclitic [anaclitic is a word derived from anaclisis which is a psychological term meaning dependency on others, a leaning back on.] forms of love, arguing that the former enhances or inflates and the other leads to a diminution or impoverishment. Another notion formulated by Lacan implies that repetition, signifying the death drive, marks the limit of the ego’s mastery [over his environment]. In addition, Judith Butler makes the statement in Bodies That matter: On the Discursive Limits of “Sex”, “There is no power that acts, but only a reiterated acting that is power in its persistence and instability.”
The following is from “The Wiley Handbook of Positive Clinical Psychology” in Dysfunctional Coping and Vicious Cycles states . . . .
“…. . patients invariably use pathological worry in an attempt to deal with upcoming threats. One of the reasons they tend to use this coping approach is because of negative outcome expectations of future threats. This pattern of using passive worry to avoid clear images of the upcoming challenge and hence the avoidance of active problem solving, results in individuals failing to adequately cope with the threat. Because they have not adequately prepared for the threat, unwanted consequences result.” What we may witness in dysfunctional coping styles of leadership, is the conscience turned back on the self as seen in the retributive like style of many gangs, including the Mafia, in a reperative attempt to restore the narcissistic ego state.
The previous quote was made with regard to students who suffer test anxiety. These feelings are found in individuals who do not know how to adequately prepare for a test or who may be dealing with a learning disability. Castration anxiety inherited during early childhood years, due to trauma and neglect, may be of further interest in this investigative work which has been published by Wiley in 2016 [The Wiley Handbook of Positive Clinical Psychology, Wiley, 2016].
Another significant quote from the book . . . .
“People with anxiety disorders need a “positive” intervention. It stands to reason that individuals who can be taught flexibility in their coping approach will be better at dealing with life’s challenges because each situation demands different solutions. The individual who is able to be flexible in this way should be better at dealing with the changing stressors that one encounters. Research . . . shows that the induction of mild positive affect enhances cognitive flexibility in problem solving [as opposed to the induction of mild or aggressive negative affect which can deteriorate or inhibit cognitive flexibility in problem solving.]”
We can then draw the connection between individual’s who withdraw from social activities or society itself, harsh forms of punishment or corporeal punishment received in childhood, engagement in illicit activities like; premarital sex at an early age, the use of drugs or alcohol, and/or decent into the socialization of gangs with vendetta like retributive attitudes as symptoms to dealing with a castration complex or a learning disability.
In contrast to more caring, affectionate, loving parenting styles which produce empathetic individuals who have internal modes of regulation because they were excused from the abusive styles of a dysfunctional home. We can, then, make a corollary between styles of parenting and the positive and negative affects these styles inflict on society at large.